Dr Rain Ottis is an Associate Professor in Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia. From 2008 to 2012 he served as a scientist at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, where he worked on strategic analysis and concept development in the context of national and international cyber security. Prior to that assignment he served as a communications officer in the Estonian Defence Forces, focusing primarily on cyber defence training and awareness. In addition to his current assignment, he is teaching cyber security in University of Jyväskylä, Finland. He is a graduate of the United States Military Academy (BS, Computer Science) and Tallinn University of Technology (PhD, Computer Science; MSc, Informatics). His research interests include cyber conflict, national cyber security, politically motivated cyber attacks and the role of volunteers in cyber security.