NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence
Centre of Excellence Tallinn, Estonia

International Law of Cyber Operations


Registration deadline                 
Seminar fee                                                             
9-12 June 2014 19th of May 2014 Tallinn, Estonia

450 €
300 € for CyCon participants         

21-25 July 2014 6th of June 2014 NATO School Oberammergau 450 €

With all states increasingly facing hostile cyber operations, and with some of them developing the capacity to bring cyber to bear in the contemporary battlespace, the International Law of Cyber Operations course is an invaluable educational opportunity for military and civilian legal advisors to the armed forces, intelligence community lawyers, and other civilian attorneys in governmental security posts. Attendance is also recommended for policy specialists who advise on cyber issues and wish to acquire a basic understanding of the applicable legal regimes. Legal scholars and graduate students are likewise welcome to attend.

The course gives an in-depth overview of the application of the jus ad bellum and international humanitarian law to cyber operations. Specific topics include cyber operations as a use of force, self-defence against cyber operations, and the interpretation and application of humanitarian law principles and rules to cyber hostilities. Lectures on related issues such as state responsibility, the principle of sovereignty, and the law of neutrality are included in the curriculum. The law sessions are complemented by lectures on information technology that, for example, explain how the internet works and how cyber operations are executed from a technical perspective. Course participants will have the opportunity to apply the acquired legal and technical knowledge in practical exercises.

The lectures will be given by noted scholars and practitioners, including two co-authors of the Tallinn Manual, Professors Michael Schmitt (United States Naval War College and Exeter University) and Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg (European University Viadrina). As such, attendees have a unique opportunity to discuss cyber legal matters with some of the most renowned scholars in the field. All participants will also receive a complimentary copy of the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare.

In 2014, the course will be offered twice. The first iteration, offered by the Centre, will be held in Tallinn, Estonia 9-12 June, immediately following CyCon, the Centre's annual conference on cyber conflict. A special discount price of 300 € for the course is offered to all CyCon participants.

The second iteration of the course is offered jointly by the Centre, NATO School Oberammergau and U.S. Naval War College. It will be held 21-25 July in Oberammergau, Germany.

The curricula of both iterations are nearly identical. The Tallinn course is run over four full days, the Oberammergau course over 3 full days and two half days. Please note that the curricula may be subject to minor changes.


Tallinn iteration 9-12 June
Please use the online registration system to sign up. Please note that your registration is complete once the Centre has received your payment.

NB! Participants can cancel their registration no later than the registration deadline (19th of May, 2014). After this date no course fee will be reimbursed. The Centre also reserves the right to cancel the course until the registration deadline. In no case will the Centre compensate travel, accommodation or any other expenses.

Oberammergau iteration 21-25 July
To register, please fill in the Joining Report. By clicking submit, the data is automatically sent to NATO School Oberammergau Student Administration Office. Alternatively, you can email (studentadmin -at- or fax (+49-(0)8822-9171-1399 or +49-(0)8822-9481-1394) the Joining Report. NB! You must also send your Joining Report by email to events -at-! If you have officially been nominated by a NATO CCD COE Sponsoring Nation or Contributing Participant and your course fee has been waived, please indicate it in your email. You will receive information regarding travel and accommodation arrangements from the NATO School after you have submitted your Joining Report.

NB! Participants can cancel their registration no later than the registration deadline (6th of June, 2014). After this date no course fee will be reimbursed. The organisers also reserve the right to cancel the course until the registration deadline. In no case will the organisers compensate travel, accommodation or any other expenses.


04 April 2014 CyCon Student Call for Papers Deadline Extended
25 March 2014 JFC Brunssum Commander Visited the Centre
24 March 2014 CyCon 2014 Registration is Now Open
14 March 2014 CyCon 2014 Agenda Revealed
11 March 2014 Update to the National Cyber Strategies List